Frequently Asked Questions
Psycho-educational assessment involves the use of ‘gold standard’ measures that assess a child’s level of IQ (cognitive functioning, academic potential) and Achievement (academic skills such as reading, spelling, mathematics, written language, and oral language). Commonly used IQ tests are Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence (WPPSI IV Australian), Wechsler Intelligence Scales for Children (WISC-IV Australian), and Woodcock Johnson Cognitive Battery (WJ III Australian). Commonly used Achievement tests are Wechsler Individual Achievement Test (WIAT-II Australian), Wide Range Achievement Test (WRAT-4), and Woodcock Johnson Achievement Battery (WJ III Australian).
Learning disabilities/difficulties do not refer to your child’s IQ deficiencies, rather to difficulties in acquiring basic academic skills (ie spelling, phonemic awareness & phonemic decoding, numerical operations) needed for reading, writing, listening, speaking and mathematics.
Children can have heightened anxiety about parental separation, social situations, specific fear of change such as starting school, particular objects or situations like dogs or water, or being responsible for something terrible happening (ie fire, burglary).
There are effective evidence-based programs to address anxiety/fear among children based on the principles of cognitive behaviour therapy. These programs involve teaching children and parents essential skills for managing anxious feelings and helping children to face their fears. They focus on identifying and changing children’s thoughts, feelings, and behaviours in relation to their anxiety.
The evidence indicate that children who complete these programs show marked improvement in school attendance, academic achievement, confidence, number of friends and involvement in extra-curricular activities and decreases in worry, fear and family distress.
When Does a Child Need therapy?
If you are concerned about your child’s anger, take time to answer the following questions.
> How often does my child become angry?
> How long does my child’s anger last once it has started?
> How intensely does my child experience anger? How aware is my child of his/her own anger?
> Is this anger and its expression age-appropriate?
> What will happen to my child / us if I don’t seek professional advice?
After answering these questions, if your child’s anger seems a cause for concern then you should seek professional advice to better understand which discipline strategies are most effective for your child and when. Each child is different, even twins react differently. Just because a strategy works for your child in one situation doesn’t mean it will work in another situation. Again, just because a strategy works for your first child doesn’t mean it will work for your second child. Anger looks like different at different ages, and the factors that underlie anger can be really complex.